Setting Up Your Rabbit’s Home: A Comprehensive Guide

Published: April 9th, 2023
Last Updated: April 17th, 2023
Written By: Bradly Spicer
Setting Up your Rabbits House

As a pet owner, you want to ensure your furry friend lives in a safe and comfortable environment. Setting up your rabbit’s home is essential to rabbit care and can overwhelm beginners.

This guide will discuss everything you need to know about setting up your rabbit’s home, including the right type of housing, bedding, food and water, toys, and more.

1. Choosing the Right Type of Housing for Your Rabbit

Before setting up your rabbit’s home, you must consider the type of housing suitable for your rabbit’s breed and size. Rabbits need more space than you would expect for such a small creature.

Rabbits are incredibly active animals and need space to do zoomies and run around. We recommend that an average breed rabbit’s enclosure or running space be at least 4.5ft x 2.5ft with a 3ft – 5ft height. We always recommend bigger if possible, though!

Sadly, most cages or enclosures you can buy in pet stores will be too small. One common fix is to buy multiple pet exercise pens and put them together. Alternatively, if you have an indoor rabbit, you can simply block areas off with fences and baby gates.

Looking for more ideas? Here are some options to choose from:

Indoor Housing

Indoor housing is the most popular option for rabbit owners. It provides a safe and secure environment for your rabbit and allows you to bond with your furry friend. Here are some tips to keep in mind when setting up your rabbit’s indoor housing:

  • Choose a spacious cage or pen with enough room for your rabbit to move around and stand on its hind legs.
  • Use a litter box filled with rabbit-safe litter to encourage good litter habits.
  • Rabbits are curious animals that love to explore their surroundings. While this can be cute and entertaining, it can also be dangerous if your rabbit gets into something it shouldn’t. That’s why it’s essential to rabbit-proof any room your bunny will spend time in.
  • Provide a hiding box or a cozy spot where your rabbit can retreat when it needs privacy or feels scared.

Outdoor Housing

Outdoor housing is an excellent option for rabbits that live in a mild climate. It gives your rabbit space to run around and enjoy the fresh air.

While rabbits can make great indoor pets, many owners keep their bunnies outdoors. If you plan to keep your rabbit outside, providing them with a safe and comfortable living environment is essential.

Avoid Wire Bottoms or Mesh Flooring

Wire or mesh flooring can be painful and uncomfortable for rabbits. Their sensitive feet can become injured (Leading to Sore Hocks) or even develop sores from constantly being on a wire surface. It is best to avoid using wire or mesh flooring altogether instead of solid floorings, such as wood or plastic.

Choose a Spacious Living Area

Rabbits need plenty of space to move around and exercise. While a hutch may seem like a good option, it can be quite cramped and limiting for your bunny. Instead, consider converting a shed or enclosed space into a rabbit living area. This will provide your bunny with much more room to explore and play.

Provide Shelter from the Elements

Rabbits are sensitive to extreme temperatures and should always have access to shelter from the elements. This can be achieved by providing your bunny with a covered area, such as a sheltered hutch or a covered section of their living area. Be sure to provide plenty of insulation, such as blankets or hay, during colder months.

Keep the Area Clean

A clean living area is crucial for your rabbit’s health and well-being. Regularly clean out the area and remove any soiled bedding or litter. It is also essential to regularly inspect the area for any potential hazards or safety concerns.

Ensure Adequate Ventilation

Providing shelter from the elements is vital. However, your rabbit’s living area should be well-ventilated. Poor ventilation can lead to harmful gases and bacteria buildup, negatively impacting your bunny’s health.

In summary, creating the ideal outdoor housing for your rabbit involves providing a spacious living area, solid flooring, shelter from the elements, regular cleaning, and adequate ventilation.

Avoid wire or mesh flooring, and consider converting a shed or other enclosed space into a living area for your bunny.

2. Bedding and Litter

Choosing the right bedding and litter is essential for your rabbit’s health and comfort. Here are some options to choose from:


Hay is an excellent option for rabbit bedding as it is comfortable, absorbent, and safe to eat. It also helps to wear down your rabbit’s teeth and promotes good digestion.

Paper-Based Bedding

Paper-based bedding is an excellent option for rabbits with allergies or respiratory issues. It is also easy to clean and maintain.

Wood-Based Bedding

Wood-based bedding is an excellent option for rabbits that enjoy chewing, as it provides them with something to gnaw on. However, it can be dusty and cause respiratory issues if improperly maintained.

3. Food and Water

Providing your rabbit with a balanced and nutritious diet is essential for its health and well-being. Your rabbit should always have access to an unlimited supply of fresh hay. Hay can be given to your rabbit via a Hay Feeder or trough. Alternatively, you can place the hay directly in their litter box.

Much like how we read or scroll on our phone on the toilet, rabbits like something to munch whilst on the loo!

We keep the food and water station next to each other for our rabbit’s convenience. However, some rabbits like to have their places and can take their hay to their favorite eating spots. Keep an eye out for this!

Here are some tips to keep in mind when feeding your rabbit:

  • Provide your rabbit with unlimited access to fresh water & hay.
  • Feed your rabbit a diet of hay, fresh vegetables, and a small number of pellets.
  • Avoid feeding your rabbit sugary & salty treats or fruits that can cause digestive issues.

4. Toys and Enrichment

Toys and enrichment are essential for your rabbit’s mental and physical stimulation. Here are some options to choose from:

Chew Toys

Rabbit chew toys are toys designed specifically for pet rabbits to chew on. These toys can be made from various materials such as wood, straw, or other natural fibers.

Chew toys are essential for rabbits because their teeth continuously grow, and they need to chew on objects to wear them down and prevent dental problems.

Chew toys are also great for enrichment because they provide a form of mental and physical stimulation for rabbits.

Rabbit Chew Toys

Rabbits are natural chewers, and they enjoy gnawing on things to relieve boredom and stress. Chew toys help to satisfy this natural urge to chew and can also help prevent destructive chewing behavior in other areas of their enclosure.

Providing a variety of chew toys can also help keep rabbits interested and engaged. Some rabbits prefer soft, chewy toys, while others enjoy gnawing on harder objects. Offering different textures and types of toys can help keep rabbits mentally stimulated and happy.

Additionally, chew toys can promote healthy teeth and gums, which is important for a rabbit’s overall health and well-being.

Tunnel Toys

Rabbit tunnels are a type of enrichment for pet rabbits that mimic the experience of tunnels and burrows that rabbits would naturally use in the wild.

These tunnels can be made from various materials such as cardboard, PVC pipes, or even fabric. They can be set up inside a rabbit’s enclosure or outside in a secure area for the rabbit to explore and play in.

Rabbit tunnels are good for enrichment because they provide a form of physical and mental stimulation for rabbits. Tunnels offer rabbits a place to run, hide, and play, which can help prevent boredom and reduce stress.

Additionally, tunnels can promote exercise and improve a rabbit’s overall physical health. By offering a rabbit the opportunity to engage in natural behaviors like running and hiding, tunnels can also help to create a more stimulating and enriching environment for the rabbit.

Puzzle Toys

Puzzle toys are excellent for rabbits that enjoy solving problems. They provide your rabbit with mental challenges and promote good cognitive function.

Dig Boxes

Rabbit dig boxes are a type of enrichment activity designed for pet rabbits. They are essentially boxes filled with materials that mimic the feeling of digging in dirt or sand, which is a natural behavior for rabbits in the wild.

Rabbit Dig Box

The boxes can be filled with items such as shredded paper, hay, straw, or even soil.

Providing a dig box for your rabbit can help satisfy their natural instincts, promote exercise and mental stimulation, and prevent destructive digging behavior in other areas of their enclosure.

Hiding House

A rabbit hiding house is a small shelter or structure designed for pet rabbits to provide them with a secure and comfortable hiding spot. These houses can be made from various materials such as wood, cardboard, or fabric and can come in different shapes and sizes. We typically suggest avoiding plastic as rabbits will chew on it.

Rabbit Hiding Cardboard Box

They typically have an entrance hole for the rabbit to enter and exit and may include a removable roof or side for easy cleaning.

Hiding houses can be placed inside a rabbit’s enclosure to offer them a sense of security and privacy, which can help reduce stress and promote a more natural environment for the rabbit. We suggest putting them in the corner of a room to help keep your rabbit feeling safe.

5. Introducing your rabbit to their new home

Once you have prepared for the introduction process, it is time to introduce your new rabbit to its home. Here are some steps to follow:

  1. Allow your new rabbit to settle in: You should allow your new rabbit to settle in their new space for a few days before you introduce them to any existing rabbits. This helps them to get used to their new surroundings and feel more comfortable.
  2. Swap bedding and toys: You can start the introduction process by swapping bedding and toys between your new rabbit and your existing rabbit. This helps them to get used to each other’s scents and become more familiar with each other.
  3. Supervised playtime: You can start introducing your new rabbit to your existing rabbit by having supervised playtime. This can be done in a neutral area, such as a playpen or a room neither rabbit has been in before. Supervise the rabbits closely and intervene if any aggressive behavior occurs.
  4. Gradual introduction: You should gradually increase the time the rabbits spend together. Start with short playtime sessions and gradually increase the duration as the rabbits become more comfortable with each other, this is known as bonding and can be an incredibly difficult process.

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